(think about the shift from news being on TV to social media platforms)
1. Radio Broadcast:
- writers thought the story was too outlandish to be believed by the general population.
- CBS for 17 weeks: “Mercury Theatre on Air”
- Newspapers took this opportunity to reclaim the market by calling the radio a non-credible source of news.
“I had conceived the idea of doing a radio broadcast in such a manner that a crisis would actually seem to be happening,” he said, “and would be broadcast in such a dramatized form as to appear to be a real event taking place at that time, rather than a mere radio play.” – Orson Welles
2. Comic Books:
- Led the anti-comics movement that argued that comic books negatively impacted the imagination of otherwise “normal” children.
- Blamed comic books for exposing children to violence, homosexuality, and erotic behavior. (ex. Superman=Nazi Germany, Batman and Robin=Homosexuality, Wonder Woman=Lesbian)
- Wertham’s ideas spread rapidly in postwar (WWII) America, and many patriotic organizations and churches planned book burnings.
- Resulted in the comic book industry declining. Credited for bringing the entire comic book industry down.
3. TV broadcasting & Print Journalism
- articles begin to be published that generalize the disease with only gay men as a “rapidly fatal form of cancer”.
- HIV in the 80’s “People didn’t want to kiss you on the cheek”
- based upon public citizens playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing, and disseminating news and information.
- citizens can often report breaking news more quickly than traditional media reporters.
ex. the debate, police brutality (2014+)